Frequently Asked Questions
The sectoral sanctions imposed on specified persons operating in sectors of the Russian economy identified by the Secretary of the Treasury were done under Executive Order 13662 through Directives issued by OFAC pursuant to its delegated authorities.… Read more
371. What does OFAC interpret to be debt and equity? Are there other prohibited activities under Directives 1, 2, and 3 under Executive Order (E.O.) 13662? Can U.S. financial institutions continue to maintain correspondent accounts and process U.S. dollar-clearing transactions for the entities subject to the prohibitions of these directives?
The term debt includes bonds, loans, extensions of credit, loan guarantees, letters of credit, drafts, bankers acceptances, discount notes or bills, or commercial paper. The term equity includes stocks, share issuances, depositary receipts, or any other… Read more
On November 28, 2017, OFAC issued General License 1B, which continues to authorize certain transactions involving derivative products that would otherwise be prohibited pursuant to Directives 1, 2, or 3. General License 1B replaced and superseded General… Read more
Yes, these prohibitions apply to the named persons, their property, and their interests in property, which includes entities owned 50 percent or more by one or more persons identified as subject to the Directives. On October 31, 2017, OFAC amended and… Read more
If a U.S. person is in possession of a Kalashnikov Concern product that was bought and fully paid for prior to the date of designation (i.e., no payment remains due to Kalashnikov Concern), then that product is not blocked and OFAC sanctions would not… Read more
If a U.S. person has an inventory of Kalashnikov Concern products in which Kalashnikov Concern has an interest (for example, the products are not fully paid for or are being sold on consignment), we advise that U.S. person to contact OFAC for further guidance… Read more
In certain circumstances, yes. U.S. persons, including U.S. financial institutions, may issue and deal in depositary receipts that are based on equity issued by a person subject to Directive 1 prior to the date the person became subject to Directive 1. U.S.… Read more
392. How are banks expected to distinguish between transactions involving new versus old equity under Directive 1 if entities subject to Directive 1 issue new equity that utilizes the same International Securities Identification Number (ISIN) or other identifier as equity issued prior to the sanctions effective date?
Directive 1 prohibits U.S. persons from transacting in, providing financing for, or otherwise dealing in new equity for named persons, their property, or their interests in property. Directive 1 also prohibits such transactions from occurring in the United… Read more
OFAC does not consider normal counterparty credit exposure encountered by a U.S. person to be an extension of credit when the U.S. person enters into an otherwise permissible derivatives transaction. U.S. persons engaging in such transactions should ensure… Read more
394. If a U.S. person entered into a revolving credit facility or long-term loan arrangement for a person determined to be subject to Directives 1, 2, or 3 prior to the sanctions effective date, what are the restrictions on drawdowns from that facility? Do all drawdowns and disbursements pursuant to the parent agreement need to carry repayment terms of shorter than the applicable tenor specified in the relevant Directive?
If a U.S. person entered into a long-term credit facility or loan agreement prior to the sanctions effective date, drawdowns and disbursements with repayment terms of shorter than the applicable tenor specified in the relevant Directive are permitted. In… Read more
395. Do Directives 1, 2, and 3 prohibit U.S. persons from dealing in or processing transactions under a letter of credit that was issued on or after the sanctions effective date and that carries a term of longer than the applicable tenor specified in the relevant Directive when the beneficiary or the issuing bank of that letter of credit is one of the entities identified as subject to the Directives?
U.S. persons may deal in (including act as the advising or confirming bank or as the applicant (i.e., the purchaser of the underlying goods or services)) or process transactions under a letter of credit in which an entity subject to Directive 1, 2, or 3 is… Read more
The SSI List available on OFAC's website is the latest version of the list and contains the most updated information on entities determined to be subject to one or more of the Directives. OFAC also maintains "changes files" that record all significant changes… Read more
The equity prohibitions in Directive 1 pertain to equity issued directly or indirectly, by an SSI entity on or after the sanctions effective date. Directive 1 does not prohibit U.S. persons from dealing with an SSI entity as counterparty to transactions… Read more
405. Does the prohibition on “otherwise dealing in new debt” of longer than the applicable tenor specified in the relevant Directive of SSI entities, their property, or their interests in property prohibit dealing in debt with maturity that exceeds the applicable authorized tenor in which the SSI entity is not directly or indirectly the borrower?
Directives 1, 2, and 3 only prohibit U.S. persons from dealing in new debt that is issued by a person subject to the relevant Directive (and only where the debt has a tenor that exceeds the applicable tenor specified in the relevant Directive). Directives 1… Read more
U.S. persons are not prohibited from dealing in new equity with an entity subject to Directive 1 if the entity is not the issuer of the equity. For instance, U.S. persons are not prohibited from transacting with an entity subject to Directive 1 in support of… Read more
A U.S. person is not prohibited by Directives 1, 2, or 3 from engaging in transactions necessary to exit or replace its participation in a long-term loan facility that was extended to an SSI entity prior to the sanctions effective date. This would not… Read more
Directives 1, 2, and 3 do not prohibit U.S. persons from extending credit for longer than the applicable tenor specified in the relevant Directive to non-sanctioned parties for the purpose of purchasing goods or services from an SSI entity, so long as the SSI… Read more
409. If a person determined to be subject to Directives 1, 2, or 3 is a borrower under a short-term facility created after the sanctions effective date, does the facility become prohibited if the SSI entity borrower makes successive short-term borrowings that cumulatively add up to more than the applicable tenor specified in the relevant Directive (e.g., it borrows $100 million with a 10-day maturity, then at the end of the 10 days, the debt “rolls over”)?
Two conditions must be met for short-term facilities created after the sanctions effective date to be permissible. As long as (1) each individual disbursement has a maturity of no longer than the applicable tenor specified in the relevant Directive and the… Read more
410. Are U.S. persons prohibited from entering into new contracts after the sanctions effective date with persons subject to Directives 1, 2, or 3 that provide payment terms to the SSI entities of greater than the applicable tenor specified in the relevant Directive? For instance, if a U.S. person agrees to sell shares or assets to an SSI entity in a corporate transaction that becomes effective on or after the sanctions effective date, is the U.S. person prohibited from agreeing to deferred purchase payments, even if no interest is involved, that may be paid more than the permissible number of days later by the SSI entity?
Directives 1, 2, and 3 prohibit new extensions of credit to SSI entities of greater than the applicable tenor specified in the relevant Directive, and these prohibitions include deferred purchase agreements extending payment terms of longer than the… Read more
OFAC issued Directive 3, introducing new prohibitions on all transactions in, provision of financing for, and other dealings in new debt of longer than 30 days maturity of persons determined to be subject to the Directive, their property, or their interests… Read more