Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds for Tribal Governments

The Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds will deliver $20 billion in funding for Tribal governments.

These funds represent an historic investment in Indian Country and provide a substantial infusion of resources to help turn the tide on the pandemic, address its economic fallout, and lay the foundation for a strong and equitable recovery.  These funds will:

  • Support urgent COVID-19 response efforts to continue to decrease spread of COVID-19 and bring the pandemic under control
  • Replace lost revenue for Tribal governments to strengthen support for vital public services and help retain jobs
  • Support immediate stabilization for households and businesses in Indian Country
  • Address systemic public health and economic challenges that have contributed to the inequal impact of the pandemic on Tribal communities.

Tribal governments may now request their allocation of Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds using the Treasury Submission Portal.

Eligible Uses for Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds

The Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds provide eligible state, local, territorial, and Tribal governments with a substantial infusion of resources to meet pandemic response needs and rebuild a stronger and more equitable economy as the country recovers. Recipients may use these funds to:

  • Support public health expenditures, by, for example, funding COVID-19 mitigation efforts, medical expenses, behavioral healthcare, and certain public health and safety staff
  • Address negative economic impacts caused by the public health emergency, including economic harms to workers, households, small businesses, impacted industries, and the public sector
  • Replace lost public sector revenue, using this funding to provide government services to the extent of the reduction in revenue experienced due to the pandemic
  • Provide premium pay for essential workers, offering additional support to those who have and will bear the greatest health risks because of their service in critical infrastructure sectors
  • Invest in water, sewer, and broadband infrastructure, making necessary investments to improve access to clean drinking water, support vital wastewater and stormwater infrastructure, and to expand access to broadband internet

Within these categories of eligible uses, Tribal governments have broad flexibility to decide how best to use this funding to meet the needs of their local communities. Further, in recognition of the pandemic's disproportionate public health and economic impacts in Tribal communities, the following services are also eligible when provided by a Tribal government:

  • Addressing health disparities and the social determinants of health, including community health workers, public benefits navigators, remediation of lead paint or other lead hazards, and community violence intervention programs
  • Building stronger neighborhoods and communities, including supportive housing and other services for individuals experiencing homelessness, development of affordable housing, and housing vouchers and counseling
  • Addressing educational disparities exacerbated by COVID-19, including early learning services, decreasing funding gaps between low- and high-poverty districts, and educational services or tutoring for at-risk students
  • Promoting healthy childhood environments, including childcare, home visiting programs, and enhanced services for child welfare-involved families and foster youth

Interim Final Rule

Funding from the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds is subject to the requirements specified in the Interim Final Rule published by Treasury on May 10, 2021.

Treasury is seeking comment on all aspects of the Interim Final Rule.  Stakeholders are encouraged to submit comments electronically through the Federal eRulemaking Portal ( on or before July 16, 2021.  Please be advised that comments received will be part of the public record and subject to public disclosure.  Do not disclose any information in your comment or supporting materials that you consider confidential or inappropriate for public disclosure. 

Tribal Allocation Methodology

The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (the "Act") allocates $20 billion to Tribal governments, directing that (i) $1 billion is to be allocated equally among eligible Tribal governments and (ii) $19 billion is to be allocated to Tribal governments in a manner determined by the Secretary of the Treasury.

Treasury has developed the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds Tribal Government Allocation Methodology , which incorporates important feedback that Tribal leaders shared during five Treasury-hosted Tribal consultations in late March and early April of 2021. In these consultations, Treasury requested and received input from Tribal leaders regarding the allocation methodology, use of funds, and administrative activities such as reporting and compliance.

Of the $19 billion that the Act directs Treasury to allocate, Treasury’s allocation methodology provides that 65% of these funds, or $12.35 billion, will be distributed based on pro rata, self-certified Tribal enrollment (“Enrollment Allocation”). Treasury will distribute the remaining 35% of these funds, or $6.65 billion, based on self-certified Tribal employment data (“Employment Allocation”).  For the Employment Allocation, an equitable minimum payment of $1,000,000 will be made to eligible Tribal governments that confirm or amend their 2019 employment numbers. 

Treasury will use self-certified enrollment numbers submitted to the Bureau of Indian Affairs in April 2021 for the Enrollment Allocation. Treasury will use the 2019 employment data submitted to Treasury in May 2020 in connection with the CARES Act Coronavirus Relief Fund for the Employment Allocation and will require that Tribal governments confirm these numbers.

Tribal Payment Structure

Treasury expects to make two payments to eligible Tribal Governments.

First Payment

Each Tribal government’s first payment will include (i) an amount in respect of the $1 billion allocation that is to be divided equally among eligible Tribal governments and (ii) each Tribal government’s pro rata share of the Enrollment Allocation.

To receive the first payment, Tribal governments must submit their information online through the Treasury Submission Portal. After a Tribal government’s submission is received, it will take approximately 4-5 business days to review and process. The point of contact that a Tribal government designates in its online submission will receive status updates. Once the information and documentation submitted is determined to be complete and accurate, this point of contact will receive information regarding the timing and amount of the first payment.

The deadline to complete the first submission was June 21, 2021 11:59 PM PST.

Second Payment

Treasury will make a second payment to Tribal governments in respect of the Employment Allocation after Tribal governments confirm their 2019 employment numbers. In late-June, Tribal governments will receive a notification requesting that they log into the Treasury Submission Portal to confirm or amend their 2019 employment numbers previously submitted to Treasury in May 2020 in connection with the Coronavirus Relief Fund established by the CARES Act.

The deadline for confirming or amending a Tribal government’s 2019 employment numbers is July 23, 2021 at 11:59 PM PST. If a Tribal government does not confirm or amend employment numbers by that deadline, the Tribal government will not be eligible to receive a share of the Employment Allocation.

Following the July 23, 2021 deadline, Treasury will calculate Employment Allocations for those Tribal governments that confirmed or submitted amended employment numbers. In August, Treasury will communicate to Tribal governments the amount of their portion of the Employment Allocation and the anticipated delivery date of the payment.

To protect the privacy of Tribal government information, each Tribal government will receive its first payment allocation amount after submitting its request for funding in the Treasury Submission Portal. Similarly, to protect the privacy of Tribal government information, each Tribal government will receive its second payment allocation amount after confirming employment numbers in the Treasury Submission Portal.



Each Tribal government is required to meet compliance and reporting responsibilities, as defined in the Interim Final Rule and further described in the Compliance and Reporting Guidance. The Reporting Guidance requires program and performance reporting to build public awareness, increase accountability, and monitor compliance of eligible uses.

Treasury will begin to accept Interim Reports in August 2021 and will issue a User Guide and other reference materials by the beginning of August.  Interim Reports are due by August 31st. Please check back regularly for updates.

Each Tribal government must submit an Interim Report by August 31, 2021, which covers the period from March 3 to June 30, 2021 and includes a summary of spending by expenditure category (see Reporting Guidance Appendix for a list of expenditure categories).  In addition, each Tribal government must submit a quarterly Project and Expenditure Report beginning on October 31, 2021 and every quarter thereafter. 

Additional information on Compliance and Reporting

Resources and Contact Information

To facilitate the process for Tribal governments to receive payments from the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds, Treasury has prepared a Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds Tribal Government Checklist.

Treasury hosted two information sessions on Thursday, May 13 and Tuesday, May 18, 2021.  For more information, please view the PowerPoint used in the presentation.

Treasury will be hosting an information session on July 2, 2021 at 12:00 pm ET to demonstrate the process for confirming 2019 employment numbers in the Treasury Submissions Portal and to answer Tribal leader questions. 

Register for Information Session.

Resources and Contact Information

  • If you have questions about the Treasury Submission Portal, experience connectivity, internet, or other access issues, or for technical support, please email
  • If you have general questions about the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds, please email

  • If you have questions about Tribal Affairs at Treasury, please email


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